Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences

The relationship between history of dietary nutrients intakes and incidence of aggressive behavior in adolescent girls: A case–control study

(2021) The relationship between history of dietary nutrients intakes and incidence of aggressive behavior in adolescent girls: A case–control study. Clinical Nutrition Espen. pp. 200-205. ISSN 24054577 (ISSN)

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Background & aims: Aggressive behavior (AB) progress to a major concern among adolescents. The present study is designed to assess possible association between dietary intake of macronutrient, some micronutrient, cholesterol, and antioxidants with AB in adolescent girls, from age 9–13 years old. Materials and methods: In the case–control study, a total 212 primary school girls between 9 and 13 years of age were divided into two groups (106 with AB and 106 healthy) base on aggression score of the Buss–Perry questionnaire. A 147-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to evaluate nutritional intake of subjects. Independent t-test and Mann–Whitney test was used to compare quantitative variables between the two groups according to the normality of data distribution. Chi-square test was used to compare categorical variables between case and control groups. Logistic regression models were used to assess possible association of nutrients intake with AB. Results: The consumption of more simple carbohydrate odds ratios (OR): 14.53, confidence interval (CI): (13.23, 17.56) total fat OR: 13.31, CI: (8.50, 16.47), SFAs OR: 11.831, CI: (8.94, 15.36), TFAs OR: 9.10, CI: (6.87, 10.12), and caffeine OR: 16.26, CI: (14.53, 17.88) significantly increase the occurrence of aggressive behaviors. Conversely, intake of fiber OR: 0.997, CI: (0.012, 0.999), W3 OR: 0.991, CI: (0.040, 0.999), and vitamin K OR: 0.994, CI: (0.990, 0.999) were marginal associated with reduced odds of AB. Conclusions: The intake of caffeine, simple carbohydrate, total fat, SFAs, TFAs, could increase the occurrence of AB. © 2021 European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescent Aggression Antioxidants Nutrients intake antioxidant caffeine calcium carbohydrate cholesterol cobalamin fluoride folic acid lycopene magnesium monounsaturated fatty acid omega 3 fatty acid pantothenic acid phosphorus polyunsaturated fatty acid protein riboflavin saturated fatty acid selenium thiamine vitamin D vitamin K group zinc Article body height body mass body weight Busse Perry questionnaire caloric intake case control study child controlled study demography depression diet supplementation dietary intake female food frequency questionnaire human incidence male nutrient intake nutritional assessment questionnaire school child waist circumference
Page Range: pp. 200-205
Journal or Publication Title: Clinical Nutrition Espen
Journal Index: Scopus
Volume: 43
Identification Number:
ISSN: 24054577 (ISSN)
Depositing User: خانم نجمه نوارباف

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