Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences

Traditional and Dairy Products and Vegetables Dietary Patterns Are Inversely Associated with the Risk of Cataract in the Middle Age and Aged Population: A Case-Control Study

(2021) Traditional and Dairy Products and Vegetables Dietary Patterns Are Inversely Associated with the Risk of Cataract in the Middle Age and Aged Population: A Case-Control Study. Journal of Nutrition Health & Aging. pp. 1248-1254. ISSN 1279-7707

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: <Go to ISI>://WOS:000721655100001

Abstract

Objectives Cataract is one of the most common causes of visual impairment and blindness in the world. In the present study, we have been trying to investigate the relationship between major dietary patterns and cataract. Design This was a case-control study Setting An ophthalmology outpatient clinic of Khatam al-Anbia Hospital, in Shoushtar city Participants 336 subjects (168 patients with cataract and 168 healthy ones), from 40 to 80 years old, were recruited. Measurements A socio-demographic questionnaire was used to record the demographic information. A food frequency questionnaire was used to determine the foods consumed during the last year. The principal component analysis was used to extract major dietary patterns. The possible relationship between the major dietary patterns and cataract was assessed by multivariable logistic regression models. Results We tried to eliminate the effect of cofactors. The results showed "dairy products and vegetables" dietary pattern had a negative association with cataract (OR: 0.301, 95CI =0.137-0.658, P trend =0.002). The fourth quartile of the "traditional" dietary pattern also showed a protective role against the cataract (OR: 0.393, 95CI =0.184-0.842, P trend = 0.036). The third and fourth quartiles of "carbohydrate and simple sugar" pattern were more related with cataract compared to the first quartile (OR: 3.574, 95CI = 1.665-7.671, and OR: 5.067, 95CI =2.265-11.335, P trend <0.001 respectively). No significant association was found between << nuts, seeds and simple sugar" dietary pattern and cataract. Conclusion It seems a dietary pattern rich in proteins and vegetables can decrease the risk of cataract in middle-aged and aged subjects.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Dietary pattern cataract middle age and aged population principal component analysis case-control study MACRONUTRIENT INTAKE RELIABILITY PREVALENCE VALIDITY FRUCTOSE FFQ
Divisions: Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Science > Department of Nutrition
Page Range: pp. 1248-1254
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Nutrition Health & Aging
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 25
Number: 10
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-021-1707-2
ISSN: 1279-7707
Depositing User: خانم نجمه نوارباف
URI: http://eprints.shoushtarums.ac.ir/id/eprint/400

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item